Policy
January 26, 2015

Ten tough challenges for 2015

It seems that everyone is down on the public sector nowadays: it’s too slow, too expensive, and unable to respond to new challenges. So it’s encouraging to see public administration programs in universities across Canada filled with bright young people committed to a future serving citizens. As we start 2015, we asked some of them what they see as the biggest challenge facing the public service in the coming year.

The dangers of a tired mantra
With a federal election just around the corner, the Canadian public will soon be bombarded with another round of political promises and easily digestible sound-bites. As each party unveils its shiny new platform, the discussion will inevitably turn to how these promises will be kept and financed. Here lies the biggest issue that will face the public service in 2015: the “do more with less” mantra will once again rear its head. Although this issue is by no means new to the public service, and not unique to the federal level, the election will likely push it back into the limelight.

The unfortunate reality is that on the surface, the “do more with less” logic sounds reasonable to Canadians, particularly in the current economic climate. This makes it even easier for politicians to take potshots at an anonymous public service that cannot defend itself publicly. What gets glossed over in the conversation is the sustainability of this strategy in the long-term. Doing more with less may work in the interim, but eventually the skeleton crews and budgets that help to deliver programs and services will erode the public service from within.

With greater workloads and less support, public servants will burn out more quickly or strain their mental health, the effects of which could severely decrease productivity, increase the number of sick days taken, and increase government dependency on contracting externally to compensate for reductions. These are all factors which could offset any of the savings produced by making these cuts in the first place.

The “do more with less” mantra is more dangerous each time it takes center stage, as more promises are made to make previous cuts even deeper. In 2015, public servants will have to find innovative ways to contribute to the public discussion on the merits and drawbacks of this strategy.

— Andrew Bucci is a second-year Master of Public Administration student at Dalhousie University
Balancing budget with citizen expectations
It is a testament to our public sector that Canadians have high expectations for the role that government plays in their lives. Canada has seen consistent public sector improvements, whether in healthcare, education, training, or social supports, to name just a few. These have provided Canadians with tangible benefits and services that affect them daily.

At the same time, public sector organizations are adapting to slower rates of revenue growth. We have pioneered new practices, more efficient service delivery models, and innovative funding arrangements in order to ensure that Canadians are getting good value for their tax dollars.

However, consistently meeting citizen expectations keeps setting the bar higher. Whether it is more funding for childcare or long-term care homes, greater coverage for pharmaceuticals, smaller class sizes, or more transit infrastructure, Canadians want better services while keeping tax levels stable. Meeting these increased citizen expectations is essential in keeping the public sector valued by and relevant to Canadians – a challenge that will only be compounded with the fiscal restraint and slower economic growth that will be experienced in 2015.

— David Holysh is in his final year of the Master of Public Policy program at the University of Toronto’s School of Public Policy and Governance
Pushing evidence-based performance
The biggest challenge facing public service organizations in 2015 will be ensuring a commitment to evidence-based performance improvement. As of April 1, 2014 federal departments and agencies are expected to have performance agreements implemented as part of government’s efforts to provide ongoing feedback and evaluation of individual employee performance each fiscal year. Yet departments still lack specific mechanisms that would allow them to link overall departmental performance evaluation results and evidence to service improvements and innovation. Departmental performance reports are tailored such that it is extremely difficult for the organization in question to fail to meet the objectives set out in the similarly self-authored Report on Plans and Priorities.

Other types of performance audits occur on an ad-hoc basis and typically examine specific areas where issues are already suspected/known to exist. For example, Auditor General reports tell organizations what they did wrong, but do not give substantial direction on possible actions for improvement, nor is this their role.

However, the issue remains: how will departments effectively link science-based performance evidence to reporting and improvement efforts in order to determine what works? Organizations must be able to determine what limits on service improvement exist outside of the framework of budget-related reporting requirements.

— Naaman Sugrue is a fourth-year Public Administration and Political Science student at the University of Ottawa
Pay equity: Two steps forward, one step back
A major challenge facing the federal government in the coming year is the growing inequality between men and women in the public sector workforce. The “wage gap” in the public service, defined as the difference between the average salary of men and women, shrunk from 13.6% in 2002 to 9.1% in 2012. However, recent legislation threatens to reverse much of this progress. Emphasis has been placed on using the term “equitable compensation” rather than “pay equity.”

These two terms are not interchangeable. Pay equity, unlike equitable compensation, is an internationally defined concept associated with legally defined protections, whereas equitable compensation lacks the same legal capacity. Among other meanings, this word implies that market forces must be considered when determining the value of a job. As the market tends to undervalue female-dominated jobs, the relevant criteria that should be used to determine wages are the individual’s level of ability and skill.

Current restrictions prevent women from addressing the pay differential in two ways. First, only public sector employees who work in sectors in which 70 percent are women are eligible to seek “equitable compensation,” leaving many women unable to address potential inequalities in their pay. Second, methods of appeal are exceptionally critical for women who find themselves in these situations. However, legislation forbids unions to provide any assistance to women seeking to make pay equity complaints. In effect, these women are alone.

Without addressing these barriers to fair compensation, this disparity in wages in the public sector will be entrenched with the consequences being felt, not only in 2015, but also in the years to come.

— Carolyn Phillips and Leonard Hewa are Master of Public Administration candidates at the School of Policy Studies, Queen’s University
Where’s the innovation framework?
The biggest challenge facing public service organizations in 2015 is innovation. It goes beyond the specific challenge of how organizations will create avenues for public servants to be innovative in their respective roles, to the most fundamental aspect of fostering innovation – a framework.

In 2015, public service organizations will need to establish a framework to guide the innovation process so that innovation is not merely a fleeting phenomenon, but rather will become engrained within the organizational structure and operations of the public service.

Innovation is the biggest challenge because of a combination of factors: the growing and diverse demands of citizens; decline in public confidence in government; decreased funding; rapid changes in and greater usage of technology; and increasing importance of stakeholder consultation in policy development and program delivery.

Attempts at innovation in public service organizations have focused too much on incorporating private sector strategies and concepts. 2015 is the defining year whereby innovation will have to be generated by public servants within their organizational structures to ensure that the public service can respond and adapt to all changes in its operating environment.

— Christell Simeon is an Master of Public Administration candidate at Johnson-Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy, University of Regina
Why organizational identity matters
Establishing a public organization’s purpose is a political exercise; communicating this purpose is a managerial responsibility. Organizational identity matters. Conceptually, organizational identity is the degree to which individual feelings of belongingness align with a group’s raison d’être. Practically, high levels of identification allow individuals to personally experience a group’s successes and failures.

Fostering organizational identity in the public service is challenging given the nature of institutional arrangements. Elections, cabinet shuffles and emerging policy issues can significantly alter the mandates, missions and values of public sector organizations. Employees’ identification with their place of work is consequently subject to volatility.

Enhancing organizational identity is important in a competitive labour market. Research suggests that heightened feelings of belongingness boost employee motivation and enhance employee goals. Importantly, both motivation and goal setting are determinants of job performance and job satisfaction.

Following the recent wave of local and provincial elections and the upcoming federal election, public sector managers at all levels of government should consider how their organization’s potentially new identity is communicated to and embraced by their staff. The public sector’s ability to attract and maintain talent in order to develop, implement and evaluate policy just might depend on it.

— Erica Lavecchia has extensive work experience in the Ontario Public Service, and is currently completing the Master of Public Policy degree at the University of Toronto
Engaging today’s young professionals
The greatest challenge Canada’s public service will face in 2015 is creating a work environment that will engage young professionals. Today’s generation of employees are among the most diverse, highly educated, and tech savvy workers in the world. They prefer to collaborate in teams, want choice and flexibility in their work arrangements, and to be constantly challenged.

Although progress has been made toward creating a modern workforce, with the introduction of social media in government and increased emphasis on teamwork, there is still considerable room for improvement. The government has an opportunity to develop new strategies to attract the brightest minds to the public service. It should start by establishing an employment model where employees have multiple opportunities to move across departments, which will foster a culture of continuous learning and development.

Another consideration is to create positions in the public service that will enable them to operate with greater autonomy. By providing employees more responsibility for decisions that affect their work, they will gain confidence and be motivated to work smarter and harder. Furthermore, to enable employees to work efficiently and effectively, the public service needs to adopt new technologies more rapidly. As the baby boomer generation soon retires, it is more important than ever to have a public service that young workers will find meaningful and worthwhile.

— Rajsimran Cheema, BHSc., is a Master of Public Administration candidate at the School of Policy Studies, Queen’s University
Can we capitalize on innovation labs?
The biggest challenge facing the Canadian Public Service in 2015 is capitalizing on the promise of Public Sector Innovation Labs. Innovation Labs within the public service have to prove that they can be places where innovation is an everyday occurrence, rather than an occasional preoccupation. Even more so, the public service will have to answer very serious questions regarding the capacity of Labs to excite politicians, establish clear metrics for innovation, and create a network of Labs across government.

Public servants will have to confront their instincts and take their policy and program concerns to Labs, and fully engage in the exciting and scary prospect of innovation. At the same time, Labs will have to combine their skills in group psychology, complexity theory, design thinking, and computer modeling to properly address the needs of the Canadian public.

In all of the discussion on Innovation Labs, the Canadian public must be the frame of reference. Public Sector Innovation Labs, their clients, and public servants more broadly must ask themselves: “How can we as a collective better cater to the needs of Canadians in a fast-paced and information based society?”

Labs are a great start – let’s get innovating.

— Farees Nathoo is a Political Science and Public Administration student at the University of Ottawa
How has service consolidation effected the frontline?
I would argue that the greatest challenge facing public service organizations in 2015 is the continued fiscal constraints that have resulted in a consolidation of a number of frontline services. Not only does this have an effect on staffing, but it has greater impact on the ways that public services are provided to citizens.

One example of this is in continued cuts to frontline staff in Service Canada and Veteran’s Affairs centres. As staff are reduced due to fiscal constraints, Service Canada is working to move citizens to use online tools, while Veteran’s Affairs services are being consolidated to fewer areas. While this may be a fine solution for younger people who are technologically savvy and live in areas where internet access is not a problem, for many who rely on the services that Service Canada and Veteran’s Affairs provides (i.e., CPP/OAS) access to these technological tools is not as simple.

Not only are jobs being lost, but key portions of a vulnerable population are not being effectively served. Finding a way to mitigate issues of access with financial considerations must be a focus in the future.

— Meaghen Boiteau, MA, is a Master of Public Policy candidate at Johnson-Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy, University of Regina
Can we improve online presence?
2015 will likely be the year that determines whether e-government becomes a central feature of Canadian governance. The greatest challenge for the public sector will be to capitalize on the increasing demand for access to government information and services online. With the creation of online programs like NETFILE and Job Bank, the public service will need to decide what other government services can, and should, be offered online. This needs to be done by considering efficiency, cost-minimization, and information security.

With the challenges of e-government comes the debate about how to present information and data online. Investment in a user-friendly and navigable database of information will help to improve transparency within government and help reinforce accountability. This will require the public sector working alongside government officials to determine what information to publish online, and how best to present it.

Emphasizing the development of e-government does not just mean improving the way information and services are delivered online. Integrating departments and employees online will allow the federal and provincial governments to mitigate voter apathy by providing the opportunity to engage with citizens directly. The public sector’s challenge will be to establish best practices for capitalizing national connectivity in order to gain a better understanding of what Canadians want.

I believe the public sector has significant progress to make in terms of online presence, but also that 2015 will provide an opportunity to improve. The challenge will be to establish a strong and effective presence that adapts to ever-changing technologies and public demands.

— Erik Fraser is a first-year Master of Public Administration student at Dalhousie University

About this author

0 comments

There are no comments for this post yet.

Be the first to comment. Click here.

Policy
 
We live in a time of economic turbulence that is quickly...
 
If you have checked any news media today, you’ll likely have...
 
Canada is a world leader in clean electricity, with two-thirds of...
 
Below is a piece of design fiction focused on what it...
 
In recent years, growing evidence about the importance of early childhood...
 
Last week, Perpetual Guardian, a New Zealand-based financial services company, announced...
 
Urban officials dream of a future of “smart cities” that use...
 
We risk missing out on the potential “Artificial Intelligence” has to...
 
Everyone wants to change, become more efficient, and drive better value...
 
Canada’s international reputation for welcoming and integrating newcomers is unparalleled. At...
 
In the spring of 2018, the Auditor General of Canada, Michael...
 
In the three years to 2020, Canada will welcome almost a...
 
Most people go into public service because they want to improve...
 
Studies have shown that the global population will begin to decline,...
 
From research to policy implementation, Canadian public servants possess the knowledge...
 
The US and other Western governments are sinking more money into...
 
Almost one in two preschool children in Canada live in a...
 
In April 2017, the City of Edmonton approved a new Public...
 
We would like to introduce a new section on Canadian Government...
 
“Nearly every problem has been solved by someone, somewhere. The challenge...
 
Headlines about the world of work are often dominated by the...
 
In this episode, J. Richard Jones sits down with Martin Joyce,...
 
Over half a billion children live in countries that are falling...
 
According to a recent McKinsey study there is a potential for...
 
For policymakers around the world, Canada frequently leads the way on...
 
Over the past decade, major Canadian procurement projects have encountered increasing...
 
Since launching in 2014, Sweden’s radically ‘feminist’ foreign policy has gained international notoriety. While...
 
Three years before his death in 2011, Jack Layton released a...
 
Risk is always present in any undertaking, no matter the size...
 
While internal auditing has been considerably strengthened in most jurisdictions in...
 
Canada’s top soldier said the Armed Forces continue to be locked...
 
Ontario’s provincial government needs to act fast in building a coordinated...
 
The bootleg fentanyl overdose crisis that is sweeping across Western provinces...
 
Terrorism operates with deadly regularity. In June 2016, a gunman who...
 
BC Hydro said it is pushing through with it $9-billion, hydroelectric megaproject on...
 
Just as the federal government has begun consultations on cyber security,...
 
The association representing more than 42,000 physicians and medical students in...
 
Efforts by the government to counter the radicalization of young Canadians...
 
A new Viewpoint report titled “Is Ontario the New Quebec?” has...
 
The largest effort in 20 years to seek public input on...
 
Today, Calgary’s Frontier Centre for Public Policy released a study examining...
 
Fred Vettese, Morneau Shepell’s Chief Actuary, has released a report titled...
 
Governments around the world are seeking to tap technologies such as...
 
Signaling a realignment of Canada’s involvement with NATO, Prime Minister Justin...
 
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau today announced the deployment of Canadian troops,...
 
The union representing Canadian postal workers has rejected a proposal from...
 
The latest report from The Conference Board of Canada comes bearing...
 
The Senate committee looking into Canada’s Syrian refugee program wants the...
 
United States President Barack Obama, speaking before Parliament last night, urged...
 
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said making it easier for goods and...
 
Yes, according to the former head of the Canadian Security Intelligence...
 
In a little more than a year, Canadian banks and lending...
 
Early this morning, Philippine police confirmed that the severed head found...
 
As much a 20 per cent of grade seven students in...
 
Protests by irate taxi drivers, roadside scuffles involving cabbies and Uber...
 
Upon receiving numerous complaints regarding add-on fees that turn making economy...
 
Canada, today, became a full supporter of the United Nations Declaration...
 
Officials and first responders battling the raging wildfires in Fort McMurray...
 
Veterans Affairs Canada is not adequately managing the drug component of...
 
The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) is poised to launch an...
 
The murder of a Canadian citizen abroad and the uncertainty of...
 
The adoption last year by the Canada Border Services Agency of...
 
A landmark Supreme Court ruling has paved the way for some...
 
The Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunication Commission (CRTC) yesterday heard from several...
 
Conservation efforts in the Canadian Arctic will be obstructed and sensitive...
 
In dealing with the impact on the sharing economy on transportation,...
 
The melting Arctic ice caused by climate change is opening up...
 
At least one prime minister has resigned, another in under fire,...
 
Now more than ever, organizations in both the public and private...
 
Laid off workers in Canada will soon get some relief with...
 
As Toronto’s city staff prepares top release proposed regulations for taxis...
 
If the government intends to push economy-boosting measures, Canadian business leaders...
 
Corus Entertainment is poised to complete its move to acquire Shaw...
 
The Liberal government’s first federal budget laid out $11.9 billion over...
 
In the face of mounting public support for supervised injection sites,...
 
Growing public expectations on the speed at which they can received...
 
Toronto’s Medical Officer of Health is poised to hold a news...
 
The ambitious immigration plan of the Liberal government promises to zero...
 
A controversial investment protection clause in the Canada-European Union trade deal...
 
Faced with plummeting crude oil prices and the worldwide move to...
 
Do you think you are paying too much for your cellular...
 
Meet Bob Heart.  He is an outstanding employee who works hard...
 
It was a sad day for taxi operators in Edmonton Wednesday...
 
Uber Canada is prepared to work under city regulations, however, current...
 
Declining TV revenues caused by a growing shift in viewing habits...
 
The Province of British Columbia is doubling down on deepening its...
 
Yesterday, Ontario Supreme Court Justice John Sproat ruled that the Peel...
 
Changes to the Public Sector Labour Relations Transition Act (PSLTRA) have...
 
The much delayed and greatly anticipated April federal budget has now...
 
During its recent annual meeting, the World Economic Forum decided to...
 
In January 2015, Chinese Ambassador to Canada, Luo Zhaohui wrote in...
 
“Track Two Diplomacy” is a term that first appeared in the...
 
As the 21st century unfolds, agricultural exports continue to play a...
 
In April 2014, the Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development...
 
The world is an ever more complicated place and diplomacy, the...
 
Digital diplomacy has been heralded as 21st century statecraft. It involves...
 
In theory, successful digital government is pretty simple—deliver government services that...
 
Last weekend I had the honour of being a judge for...
 
It seems that everyone is down on the public sector nowadays:...
 
One of the most challenging debates today among Westminster experts is...
 
Canada 2020 has released a policy paper by Nic Rivers that...
 
Stephen Teles from Johns Hopkins University has coined the term “kludgeocracy”...
 
It is interesting to reflect back to 1995 when the internet...
 
Ontario’s future prosperity depends on engaging and encouraging meaningful participation of...
 
There have been many conversations within the policy community about the...
 
Accenture has come out with a report that looks at U.S....
 
A number of complex issues are emerging from the background that...
 
The need for local government innovation is now greater than ever....
 
Anyone familiar with NORAD and ballistic missile defence issues will remember...
 
Canada has been among the more active countries in conducting trials...
 
Government plays a central role in promoting business interests. Good government...
 
At 9:43 on the morning of May 17, 2013, a magnitude...
 
Social enterprises are the wave of the future. There are more...
 
The recent sparring between Justin Trudeau and Jason Kenney about the...
 
The federal government’s Blueprint 2020 initiative provides an opportunity to re-think...
 
Regardless of the outcome of the Sochi Olympics for Canada, the...
 
I was a judge last weekend at the National Public Administration...
 
The accounts of the reckless behaviour of our senators, the allegations...
 
The spectacle of the mayor of Toronto, Rob Ford, attacking his...
 
The spectacle of the mayor of Toronto, Rob Ford, attacking his...
 
One of the key responsibilities of government departments of labour is...
 
On October 15, 2013 the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the...
 
The Comprehensive Community Plan…was a community-driven project, where we talked about...
 
FOA Canada sees finance, business and management capacity as a bridge...
 
According to the World Health Organization, up to 10 percent of...
 
In the spirit of nation building, Treaty 7 Management Corporation and...
 
The last 10 years has seen a new course charted for...
 
It is no secret that many worry about the alleged lack...
 
Frances Lankin’s and Munir Sheik’s review of social assistance programs in...
 
We do not like paying taxes. This is not big news:...
 
In November 2012, the government of Canada announced that the University...
 
Be happy, dear public servant reader, that you work for a...
 
Mining defines civilization. Without metals and mineral resources to fuel society’s...
 
The fruits of mining are all around us. Minerals and metals...
 
Employees at Natural Resources Canada are strengthening their science policy knowledge...
 
Over the past two years, Alberta’s government has put into place...
 
Internal policy capacity is an important topic at the present time...
 
Industrial policy is something that has often been criticized throughout the...
 
As a deputy minister for the past 13 years, most recently...
 
New Brunswick’s Economic and Social Inclusion Corporation has announced that it...
 
In January 2013, the government of New Brunswick announced the One-Job...
 
Half of a Yellow Sun is the 2006 award-winning novel by...
 
An analysis of the likelihood of an act of military aggression...
 
Governments are looking for ways to cut costs and provide more...
 
Policy, of course, is the engine by which government works. Policy...
 
At a time when technology is advancing more rapidly than ever...
 
Health Canada has developed six diversity collaboration tools that are readily...
 
In Budget 2013, the federal government responded to municipal concerns over...
 
The Yukon Territory labour market is changing considerably. To ensure Yukon...
 
A “made in New Brunswick” solution, a first in North America,...
 
To meet the current and future needs for skilled workers, the...
 
In May 2013 Canada will take on the Arctic Council chairmanship...
 
Regardless of stage and scale of development, governments need assurance that...
 
The year 2012 presented a milestone in Canadian history, marking three...
 
Canada is sleepwalking into a long-term care funding crisis and urgent...
 
Canada’s approach to industrial benefits is focused on providing business opportunities...
 
The North is, in political and administrative terms, a young land,...
 
Yukon is the only territory to have authority over its natural...
 
We are entering what Neil Bradford calls the third wave of...
 
Ontario and jurisdictions across Canada are entering a new golden era...
 
The U.K. deliberations decided real change will come when politicians see...
 
As foreign markets create an ever-increasing demand for minerals and metals,...
 
The not-for-profit sector is an important part of Canadian society. In...
 
As the global financial crisis continues to stagger forward, one thing...
 
As colonies of the former British Empire, a common history forms...
 
As colonies of the former British Empire, a common history forms...
 
Diplomacy is back. The short era of a single superpower is...
 
Mining and exploration companies are struggling to revise their business plans...
 
Kevin Costante is Deputy Minister, Ministry of Northern Development and Mines...
 
When I began to lead implementation of a new full-day kindergarten...
 
As spring blooms across the country, a group of public servants...
 
Talent, technology and tolerance represent what I call the 3Ts of...
 
Science and technology have been major contributors to the economic prosperity...
 
In a technologically enabled, globalized world where the bad lending practices...
 
Ontario’s Business Sector Strategy is a groundbreaking initiative that has challenged...
 
One of the unfortunate developments in the last few years has...
 
This year marks the 30th anniversary of the creation of the...
 
The federal Red Tape Reduction Commission, which tabled its report in...
 
CGE Vol.13 No.2 February 2007 High-profile financial mismanagement scandals have occurred...
 
CGE Vol.13 No.4 April 2007 For the past 17 years Jean-Pierre...
 
CGE Vol.13 No.3 March 2007 In December 2006, the Ontario government...
 
Two decades after the Thatcher government revolutionized the provision of government...
 
CGE Vol.13 No.1 January 2007 IT projects Ms. Fraser, your recent...
 
CGE Vol.13 No.1 January 2007 Nicholas I, Czar of all the...
 
For much of the past decade, the government of British Columbia...
 
In recent years, the Ontario government and the Metis people have...
 
Natural resources have and will continue to play a significant role...
 
Confidence is an essential element of economic recovery. Many Canadians remain...
 
À l’image de ses diamants sans défaut, le Lesotho est un...
 
Like its flawless diamonds, the precious jewel that is Lesotho is...
 
Les administrations fédérale, provinciales et municipales versent des milliards de dollars...
 
Parallèlement à l’importance accrue accordée à la gestion du rendement, la...
 
CGE Vol.13 No.10 December 2007 A politician’s view of what a...
 
CGE Vol.13 No.9 November 2007 Independent audit committees are an integral...
 
CGE Vol.13 No.7 September 2007 "Whenever the people are well-informed, they...
 
Policymakers agree that municipalities are critical to Canada’s future prosperity and...
 
Parliament is back in session and despite the “sound and fury”...
 
In the wake of the G8 and G20 meetings it was...
 
"Canada as a nation just doesn’t work well enough and we...
 
During the last few months, many public servants in Canada have...
 
Maintenant que l’excitation provoquée par les élections canadiennes et américaines est...
 
We’ve seen that real progress is achieved through First Nations building...
 
The Science & Policy Team Challenge was modeled after business school...
 
The historical legacy of the residential school era within the broader...
 
British Columbia’s Ministry of Aboriginal Relations and Reconciliation leads efforts towards...
 
In August, the Couchiching Institute on Public Affairs held its annual...
 
When the global economic crisis hit, the federal government called on...
 
Navigating today’s complex social, economic and political issues is taxing our...
 
Charles Abrams, legendary urbanist and creator of the New York City...
 
The public sector faces many challenges this year. At a high...
 
Driven by a growing population and an export-based economy, transportation networks...
 
The West has spent so much money and treasure on military...
 
For Canada, unlike non-Arctic nations, the Arctic is a matter of...
 
The Canadian North is hot. Sovereignty, climate change, social conditions, spectacular...
 
The Arctic has gone from being totally ignored to being the...
 
L’Arctique, qui naguère laissait l’opinion publique de glace, est devenu récemment...
 
Some title Some author
Some excerpt
 
Some title Some author
Some excerpt
We live in a time of economic turbulence that is quickly...